Permissions and citations

Text and images on the Biodiversity Mapping website are for the personal, not-for-profit use by students, scholars, educational institutions, and the public. Any such use must name as the source for the material, with acknowledgement of BirdLife International, IUCN, NatureServe, and USGS where appropriate for their contribution of the species range map data used in producing these derived works. No further permission is needed for educational use.

Commercial use, electronic re-publication, or print publication of text or images is strictly prohibited without prior written permission.

For scientific research, please cite the sources below as appropriate and other taxa relevant papers listed on respective pages.

Jenkins, C.N. & K. Van Houtan. (2016). Global and regional priorities for marine biodiversity protection. Biological Conservation doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2016.10.005 (PDF)

Jenkins CN, Alves MAS, Uezu A, Vale MM (2015) Patterns of Vertebrate Diversity and Protection in Brazil. PLoS ONE 10(12): e0145064. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0145064

Jenkins, CN, KS Van Houtan, SL Pimm, JO Sexton (2015) US protected lands mismatch biodiversity priorities. PNAS 112(16), pp.5081-5086.

Jenkins, CN, SL Pimm, LN Joppa (2013) Global Patterns of Terrestrial Vertebrate Diversity and Conservation. PNAS 110(28): E2602-E2610. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1302251110 (PDF)

Pimm, SL, CN Jenkins, R Abell, TM Brooks, JL Gittleman, LN Joppa, PH Raven, CM Roberts, JO Sexton (2014) The biodiversity of species and their rates of extinction, distribution, and protection. Science 344(6187): 1246752

IUCN 2018. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2018-1.

BirdLife International and Handbook of the Birds of the World (2018) Bird species distribution maps of the world. Version 7.0. Available at